With recent changes in legislation, CBD oil is becoming more popular than ever in Canada. It has been touted to have many benefits including helping with various forms of inflammation, anxiety, epilepsy, and even cancer.
Many people new to cannabis products find themselves asking, “How is CBD oil made?” They are concerned about what kinds of ingredients might be in the substance they are consuming and how that substance will affect their body long term.
Let’s trace CBD oil back to its source to discover how this helpful substance is made both on an industrial scale, and in the garages and backyards of people just like yourself.
Large-Scale vs. Small-Scale Production
When you consider how CBD oil is made, you need to know that there are very different methods depending on the amount of oil you are trying to produce, as well as the desired substances that you want to have in your final product.
Some extraction methods may not create the same quality oil. Read on to learn how CBD oil is made, both on an industrial scale, and using at home methods.
How is CBD Oil Made Industrially?
Hemp has always been an industrial staple. For years it was manufactured into fibers for t-shirts, ropes, sails, and more. Today, this same plant is being used for its medicinal benefits from CBD extracts.
Removing the CBD from the plant material can be done a variety of different ways, depending on the tools you have access to. There are some methods that can be achieved at home with simple tools, while other methods require high heat and pressure that could be dangerous.
Let’s take a look at some of the large-scale methods.
Carbon Dioxide Extraction
Supercritical CO2 extraction is currently the purest way to remove CBD from the cannabis plant. Technicians in labs use specialized equipment for the process.
The carbon dioxide starts off as a gas and is pumped into a container with the plant materials.
Next, the plant material needs to be intensely pressurized. With 10,000 psi of force (your car tires are around 300 psi), the carbon dioxide in the chamber will become supercritical, another term for going into its liquid state.
The heated CO2 is then pumped through a closed loop system to the hemp. The temperature is set so that the nutrients in the plant material like enzymes and vitamins are not destroyed in the process. Other extraction methods can destroy these compounds.
The final product is an easily digestible liquid oil that is a light amber color.
Butane extraction is the same process as carbon dioxide extraction, except, as you might have guessed, butane is used.
Carbon dioxide is the preferred method of many since, despite the fact that the startup equipment costs are higher, the cost of CO2 is much lower than butane making it more cost-effective for large-scale production.
In addition, butane is a toxic substance. Any of it that gets left behind could be dangerous But, the amount left behind by the extraction process is minimal, so it shouldn’t be too much of a health concern as far as we know with current medical research.
At Home Methods
While buying industrial CBD is nice, many people have learned how to make it at home. Take a look at the following methods.
Olive Oil Extraction
Olive oil can be heated to two hundred degrees to reach a temperature at which the terpenes and cannabinoids can be removed. The plant material is filtered out, and the resulting oil is consumed.
It’s important to note that using this method, the THC would be preserved as well as the CBD. That means that your resulting oil would most likely be psychoactive. It makes a great substitution for cooking with oil in your kitchen to give your food that little extra something.
It’s important to note that alcohol or ethanol extraction has a lot of drawbacks. The alcohol or ethanol will strip more from the plant material than other extraction processes. That means that your resulting product will be green and bitter at first.
Of course, you can then go ahead and filter your oil to make it taste better. But, you will also be removing many of the cannabinoids that contribute to the entourage effect, making your resulting oil much less potent.
This method is also called the Rick Simpson method, due to its creator. It is a rough way to make CBD oil since the final product isn’t as pure as the other methods and the materials used are simpler.
You will need a mixing bowl, lots of ground marijuana, some alcohol or ethanol, and a lot of patience.
First, a mixing bowl is filled with plant material before alcohol is poured on top of it, enough to cover the plants.
Then, you mix the plant material and allow it to soak in the liquid. Next, as the liquid evaporates a quarter of the way, you strain out the plant material.
Now you have to allow all the ethanol to evaporate. What will be left is your oil.
Where to Buy CBD Oil and Other Products
The varying processes used to make CBD oil all come out with slightly different products. Depending on what your desired result is, you may benefit from one or all of these oils.
The only way to know is to give it a try yourself. Take your time and sample several different products before deciding on the one that works for you. Only you know your body.
Now that you have an answer to the question, “How is CBD oil made?”, you’re ready to make a purchase.
Check out our selection of tinctures and oils today.